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Bašeskijine folklorističke zabilješke: narodna vjerovanja i sujevjerja

Bašeskija’s folklore notes: People’s beliefs and superstitions

Фолклористика 1/1 (2016): 43‒58
Аутор: Сеад Шемсовић
Текст: PDF

Rad se bavi propitivanjem doprinosa Mula Mustafe Bašeskije u bilježenu narodnih vjerovanja i sujevjerja među Bošnjacima i drugim stanovnicima Sarajeva u drugoj polovini 18. vijeka. Brojni su primjeri narodnih vjerovanja kojima Bašeskijin Ljetopis svjedoči. Ovdje je donesena neka moguća klasifikacija odabranih bilješki prema vrsti narodnog vjerovanja, odnosno sujevjerja, pri čemu je posebna pažnja posvećena običajima vezanim za umrle.
Ključne riječi: folkloristika, običaji, narodna vjerovanja, sujevjerje, devr 

This works deals with looking into the contribution of Mula-Mustafa Bašeskija, the storied folk beliefs and superstitions among Bosniaks and other citizens of Sarajevo in the second half of the 18th century. There are a lot of examples of folk beliefs which Bašeskija Chronicles (Ljetopis) testifies about. Here we represent one of the possible classification of notes selected by type of folk beliefs or superstitions, where a special attention is given to customs related to the dead people. Because he himself was a religious cleric, and that he prepared the dead for burial, Bašeskija’s notes are full of his own experience and information in which we recognize the "man of the trade". Different customs, which no longer exist today, are grounded precisely in the Chronicles (Ljetopis), and they can be seriously approached only through this work.
Some segments of the beliefs are completely consistent with Islamic dogma while only a few are almost on the list of the forbidden things, but both of them area realistic picture of the living in Sarajevo from that specific time. There are numerous examples with specific names of the participants in the act, which makes the overall picture of non-material culture quite lively. Because some of the traditions associated with beliefs and superstitions have disappeared under the strong influence of official dogma, we occasionally reached for the literature that witnessed it, in order to have a better understanding of the overall development of a cultural history.
Some of these phenomena, such as, for example devri-iskat, are confirmed in some other sources, including particularly distinguished types of administrative and legal document Ottoman administration vasijjetnama or the will, from which it was determined that requester was able to ask for specifically this kind of ceremony after his death, which leaves modern Islamic dogma speechless.
Key words: folkloristics, customs, folk beliefs, superstitions, devri-iskat