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Kult sestre Jelice u usmenoj tradiciji Crljenca

The cult of Sister Jelica in Crljenac Oral Tradition


Folkloristika 1/1 (2016): 79‒124
Аutor: Jovana Dišić
Теkst: PDF

 

U radu će biti analizirano predanje o sestri Jelici koje je važan činilac kulta sestre Jelice. Razmatraju se dve varijante predanja zabeležene u Crljencu koje su kazivali protojerej Dušan Nikolić i gospođa Vera Milić. Ovi kazivači koriste različite postupke pripovedanja i imaju različit odnos prema predanju. Ukazano je i na važnost izvora Kusana kao lokaliteta koji je tačka uključenja usmene tradicije Crljenca u širu usmenu tradiciju Braničevskog okruga.
Ključne reči: kult sestre Jelice, terensko istraživanje, usmena tradicija, preda-nje, Zaova, Crljenac, Kusan, Braničevski okrug


The paper considers the legend of Sister Jelica, told by Dusan Nikolic and Vera Milic, recorded during field research of village Crljenac, Eastern Serbia (2007‒2016). It has been shown that the cult of Sister Jelica as well as orally transmitted legends are very prominent and vivid in these parts.
The difference in storytelling has been emphasized, also different relation to the story has been shown. Father Dushan Nikolic, the protoiereus of the Orthodox Serbian monastery Zaova, mixes different folklore genres, personal narratives and oral history while narrating the legend of Sister Jelica, including the folk ballad about Jelica from Vuk Karadzic’s collection Srpske narodne pjesme (Serbian Folk Songs, 1824, 1845). Vera Milic is more traditional narrator and in her repertoire two genres are dominant: demonological legends and legends about family curses. Vera Milic’s telling about Sister Jelica combines segments of demonological legends about witches, etiological and historical legends. Dushan Nikolic points out the importance of preservation of national identity, while Vera Milic accentuate the moral lesson which might be drawn from the legend.
The paper indicates that the spring Kusan has been only registered in orally transmitted local legends of Crljenac and not in any other relevant literature, so it has probably been adapted into the tradition later on, filling the needs of distinct determination of Crljenac population identity and inclusion of their oral tradition into the tradition and culture of Branicevo County.
Key words: field study, Sister Jelica’s cult, oral tradition, Zaova, local legends, Crljenac, Kusan, Branicevo