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Folklorna anegdota kao izvor za rekonstrukciju slike jednog vremena

Folk anecdote as a source for reconstructing the image of past times


Folkloristika 2/2 (2017): 99‒130
Аutor: Ana Savić
Теkst: PDF

 

U radu se ispituje korpus anegdota zabeleženih tokom terenskih istraživanja obavljenih krajem 2012. i početkom 2013. godine s Miroljubom Savićem iz sela Ribare kod Kruševca. U uvodnom segmentu biće osvetljene najvažnije osobenosti konteksta komunikacije, a potom će pažnja biti usmerena na razmatranje narativnih i žanrovskih karakteristika samih anegdota. Građa predstavlja važno svedočanstvo o jednom vremenu i mentalitetu, pa će prikupljene anegdote biti sagledane i kao dragocen izvor za rekonstrukciju slike seoske svakodnevice u Srbiji pedesetih i šezdesetih godina dvadesetog veka.
Ključne reči: folklorna anegdota, Ribare (Kruševac), 1950–1970, humor, usmeni diskurs, terensko istraživanje


The paper is based on the audio recorded interviews with Miroljub Savić (b. 1952) from the village of Ribare near Kruševac (Central Serbia), conducted in 2012 and 2013. The author examines a series of anecdotes, their narrative and genre characteristics, and features of communication context. Recorded material represents a vivid testimony of the past times and mentality, so the author analyzes collected anecdotes as a valuable source for the reconstruction of the image of rural everyday life in Serbia in the 1950s and 1960s. Since anecdotes introduce mostly local characters and events, they are vital in various forms of life and communication in the village community. They often serve as a means of cohesion, as well as a tool of critique, as they show value judgments of different social groups. They use humour not only to entertain, but to suggest specific models of behavior, therefore they play an important role in maintaining social norms.
Key words: folk anecdote, Ribare (Kruševac, Central Serbia), 1950–1970, humour, oral discourse, folklore fieldwork