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Processes of Culturological Adaptation of Natural Phenomena to the Traditional Models of Knowledge: The Case of the Demonological Entity Called the “Water bull”

Procesi kulturne adaptacije elemenata prirodne sredine tradicionalnim modelima znanja: Slučaj demonskog bića „vodeni bik“


Folkloristika 2/2 (2017): 63‒83
Аutor: Rossen Rossenov Malchev 
Теkst: PDF


In the collective memory of communities from various villages in the Western and Northern Bulgaria the idea about the chthonic entity called the water bull is kept alive. The most developed and preserved beliefs about this creature have been found among the inhabitants of the villages nearby the Pastrina Mountain, in the NorthWest administrative regions of Montana and Vratsa.
The analysis of the texts on the water bull and its water source shows that local communities have adapted the facts from the natural environment to their models of knowledge by using the established thesaurus of traditional concepts and ideas. In this way, the actual hydrological processes have been encoded through the use of folkloric and mythological models, and the knowledge about different stages of local and regional karst history is preserved.
Keywords: water bull, folklore thesaurus, demonology, chthonic creature, hydrology, karst history 
 

Predstave o demonskom biću zvanom „vodeni bik“ sačuvane su u kolektivnom sećanju zajednica iz različitih sela u zapadnoj i severnoj Bugarskoj. Najrazvijenija i najočuvanija verovanja o ovom biću posvedočena su među žiteljima sela blizu planine Pastrine, u severozapadnim administrativnim oblastima Montana i Vraca.
Analiza tekstova o vodenom biku i njegovim vodenim izvorima pokazuje da je u njima kolektiv prilagodio činjenice o prirodnoj sredini vlastitim modelima znanja koristeći utvrđeni tezaurus tradicionalnih pojmova i ideja. Tako je na folklorno-mitološki način kodirao realne hidrološke procese i sačuvao znanja o različitim etapama lokalne i regionalne istorije ovog kraškog predela.
Ključne reči: vodeni bik, folklorni tezaurus, demonologija, htonsko biće, hidrologija, kraška istorija