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Varijante predanja o vodenim bikovima u jugozapadnoj Srbiji i graničnim oblastima

Variants of Narratives on Water Bulls in Southwestern Serbia and Culturally Related Areas


Folkloristika 3/1 (2018): 69‒82
Autor: Nina Aksić
Tekst: PDF

 

U radu se razmatraju pseudoetiološko predanje o vodenoj kravi i etiološko o vodenom biku, koja smo čuli na Pešterskoj visoravni. Priložena je neobjavljena pripovetka Ramiza Šaćirovića inspirisana drugim predanjem. Cilj nam je da predstavljanjem ovog novog materijala s terena damo doprinos istraživanju mesta vodenog bika u demonološkom sistemu jugozapadne i južne Srbije, kao i dela Crne Gore, gde je do sada zabeležen mali broj predanja o ovom demonskom biću. Materijal se poredi sa do sada objavljenom građom zabeleženom na pomenutom prostoru, ali i u drugim delovima Srbije i Balkana. Priložena je mapa areala u kome su do sada zabeležena kazivanja o vodenom biku na teritoriji jugozapadne Srbije i bliskih graničnih oblasti, što može biti od koristi pri odabiru lokacija za buduća istraživanja na ovoj teritoriji.
Ključne reči: vodeni bik, vodena krava, jugozapadna i južna Srbija, etiološko predanje

 

The paper is based on presenting and analyzing new folkloric material about water bulls and cows: two legends (one etiological and other pseudoetiological) and a short-story inspired by the first one. By presenting this material, we tried to give our contribution to the research of narratives about water bulls on the territory of southwestern and southern Serbia and a part of Montenegro, where scarce folkloric material of that kind has been found. The presented material is observed in the context of folkloric materials previously published and collected in the mentioned region and in other parts of Serbia. At the end of the paper, a map of the area in which the discussed materials have been recorded is offered, which can be useful for future research of the topic.
Key words: water bull, water cow, southwestern Serbia, etiological legend